Las Vegas 1800s
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Before long, outlaws , bunko artists, murderers and thieves were becoming so common that the eastern part of the settlement had become utterly lawless.
It was in the summer of that Doc Holliday rode into Las Vegas, where he hung out his shingle for the last time. However, this idea was short-lived, and only a few weeks later he bought a saloon on Center Street.
His partner and financial backer, John Joshua Webb , once a Dodge City lawman, was by then a part of the notorious Dodge City Gang.
On July 19, Doc got into an argument with a local gunman, named Mike Gordon, who was rather popular with the locals. The two took the argument to the street where Doc politely invited Gordon to start shooting whenever he felt like it.
Gordon obviously accepted this invitation and wound up dead, lying in the dusty street with three shots in his belly.
After a lynch mob formed with plans to lynch Holliday, Doc headed back to Dodge City. However, he arrived only to find that Wyatt Earp had gone to a new silver strike, in a place called Tombstone , Arizona.
By January , Las Vegas was firmly in control of the Dodge City Gang, and on January 22, , the Las Vegas Shootout at the Variety Hall Saloon would launch Dave Mather into Old West fame after a wild gunfight that left several dead or eventually lynched.
Townspeople soon tired of the escapades of the lawless people of their city and took matters in their own hands. The Las Vegas Optic on April 8, , posted this notice:.
They have resolved to put a stop to crime, if in attaining that end they have to forget the law and resort to a speedier justice than it will afford.
All such characters are therefore, hereby notified, that they must either leave this town or conform themselves to the requirements of law, or they will be summarily dealt with.
The flow of blood must and shall be stopped in this community, and the good citizens of both the old and new towns have determined to stop it, if they have to HANG by the strong arm of FORCE every violator of the law in this country.
In , after Billy the Kid was killed at Fort Sumner, New Mexico, his index finger was sent in a jar to the Las Vegas newspaper. If the rush continues we shall purchase a small tent and open a side show to which complimentary tickets will be issued to our personal friends.
By the late s, entire herds were disappearing. At this time the Las Vegas citizens hanged a fellow gang member named Pat Maes. Soon thereafter the bandit group gradually disintegrated.
Silva was eventually murdered by former members of his gang and was buried at Camp de lost Cadillos on May 19, The Las Vegas Army Air Corps Gunnery School is established.
Currently known as Nellis Air Force Base, it is home to the Air Force aerobatic team called the Thunderbirds. Notorious "Bugsy" Siegel is one of the several owners of a downtown hotel called the El Cortez.
Consequently, Gass started irrigating the old fields and renamed the area 'Las Vegas Rancho. In , because of mismanagement and intrigue with a Mormon syndicate, Gass lost his ranch to Archibald Stewart to pay off a lien Stewart had on the property.
Stewart became the Las Vegas Postmaster. The railroad was a project of Montana Senator William Andrews Clark. Clark enlisted Utah's U.
Senator and mining magnate Thomas Kearns to ensure the line's completion through Utah to Las Vegas. Clark and Kearns promoted the area to American farmers who quickly expanded the farming plots of the areas.
Not until did the first large-scale migration of Mormons begin in the area, at long last fulfilling Brigham Young's early dream.
Through wells and arid irrigation, agriculture became the primary industry for the next 20 years and in return for his development, the farmers named the area Clark County in honor of the railroad tycoon and Senator.
By the early 20th century, wells piped water into the town, providing both a reliable source of fresh water and the means for additional growth.
The increased availability of water in the area allowed Las Vegas to become a water stop , first for wagon trains and later railroads , on the trail between Los Angeles , California , and points east such as Albuquerque , New Mexico.
Senator William Andrews Clark was the majority owner of the railroad, which was a corporation based in Utah. Among its original incorporators were Utah's U.
Senator Thomas Kearns and his business partner David Keith. Kearns, one of the richest and most powerful men in Utah, and Keith were the owners of Utah's Silver King Coalition Mine, several mines in Nevada and The Salt Lake Tribune newspaper.
Kearns and Keith helped Clark ensure the success of the new railroad across Utah and into Nevada to California. Curiously, for a time there were two towns named Las Vegas.
The east-side of Las Vegas which encompassed the modern Main Street and Las Vegas Boulevard was owned by Clark, and the west-side Las Vegas which encompassed the area north of modern-day Bonanza Road was owned by J.
McWilliams, who was hired by the Stewart family during the sale of the Las Vegas Rancho and bought available land west of the ranch. It was from their property that Las Vegas took form.
Clark subsequently built another railroad branching off from Las Vegas to the boom town of Bullfrog called the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad.
With the revenue coming down both railways that intersected there, the area of Las Vegas was quickly growing.
Las Vegas was the driving force in the creation of Clark County , Nevada in and the city was incorporated in as a part of the county. The first mayor of Las Vegas was Peter Buol who served from to Shortly after the city's incorporation, the State of Nevada reluctantly became the last western state to outlaw gaming.
This occurred at midnight, October 1, , when a strict anti-gambling law became effective in Nevada. It even forbade the western custom of flipping a coin for the price of a drink.
Nonetheless, Las Vegas had a diversified economy and a stable and prosperous business community, and therefore continued to grow until In that year, a combination of economic influences and the redirection of resources by the federal government in support of the war effort forced the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad to declare bankruptcy.
Although William Clark sold the remains of the company to the Union Pacific Railroad , a nationwide strike in left Las Vegas in a desperate state.
On July 3, , President Herbert Hoover signed the appropriation bill for the Boulder Dam. The dam was later renamed the Hoover Dam during the Truman administration.
Work started on the dam in and Las Vegas' population swelled from around 5, citizens to 25,, with most of the newcomers looking for a job building the dam.
However, the demographic of the work force consisting of males from across the country with no attachment to the area created a market for large-scale entertainment.
A combination of local Las Vegas business owners and Mafia crime lords helped develop the casinos and showgirl theaters to entertain the largely male dam construction workers.
Despite the influx of known crime figures, the local business community tried to cast Las Vegas in a respectable light when the Secretary of the Interior Ray Lyman Wilbur visited in to inspect the dam site.
However a subordinate was found with alcohol on his breath this was during the time of Prohibition after a visit to Block 16 in Las Vegas. The government ultimately decided that a federally controlled town, Boulder City , would be erected for the dam workers.
Realizing that gambling would be profitable for local business, the Nevada state legislature legalized gambling at the local level in Las Vegas, with a small but already well-established illegal gambling industry, was poised to begin its rise as the gaming capital of the world.
The county issued the first gambling license in to the Northern Club , and soon other casinos were licensed on Fremont Street like the Las Vegas Club and the Hotel Apache.
Fremont Street became the first paved street in Las Vegas  and received the city's first traffic light in In reply, the federal government restricted movement of the dam workers to Las Vegas.
Smuggling and circuitous routes then were developed. In , to curtail these activities and the resulting growth of criminal figures in the gambling industry, the city's leading figures purged gambling dens and started an effort to stem the flow of workers from the dam.
This only emboldened some dam workers who still contrived to visit Las Vegas. A celebration of this era has become known as Helldorado Days.
Although the suppression efforts resulted in declines at gambling venues and resulted in a business downturn, the city was recharged—both literally and figuratively—when the dam was completed in In , Southern Nevada Power became the first utility to supply power from the dam, and Las Vegas was its first customer.
Electricity flowed into Las Vegas and Fremont Street became known as Glitter Gulch due to the many bright lights powered by electricity from Hoover Dam.
Meanwhile, although the dam worker population disappeared, Hoover Dam and its reservoir, Lake Mead , turned into tourist attractions on their own and the need for additional higher-class hotels became clear.
In , U. Route 95 was finally extended south into Las Vegas, giving the city two major access roads. Also in Las Vegas's first permanent radio station , KENO , began broadcasting replacing the niche occupied earlier by transient broadcasters.
On January 25, , the U. Army established a flexible gunnery school for the United States Army Air Corps in Las Vegas. Mayor John L. Russell signed over land to the U.
Army Quartermaster Corps for this development. The gunnery school later would become Nellis Air Force Base. The U.
Army was not pleased with the legal prostitution in Las Vegas and in forced Las Vegas to outlaw the practice, putting Block 16, the local red light district , permanently out of business.
On April 3, , hotel owner Thomas Hull opened the El Rancho Vegas. Stardust Hotel Pool SKU. Grade 3. Casino Center SKU.
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